ALEXANDER, ABRAHAM (Senior; 1743–1816), Revolutionary War officer, U.S. Custom House auditor, and ḥazzan of Charleston's Beth Elohim Congregation (1764–84). Born and educated in London, Alexander, the son of Joseph Raphael Alexander, immigrated to Charleston, South Carolina, before the American Revolution. He served for many years as a volunteer lay minister (known then as ḥazzan). A Hebrew scholar and scribe, he wrote, in his own hand, a prayer book for the High Holy Days "according to the custom of the Sephardim" (1805). During the Revolution, when Charleston fell to the British in 1780, he surrendered at first, along with the rest of the population, but soon afterward left the city to join patriot forces in the backcountry. After he was commissioned a lieutenant of the dragoons, his regiment's guerilla fighting helped drive the British from the Carolinas. Alexander, a widower, in 1784 married Ann Sarah Huguenin Irby, a widow of French Huguenot affiliation. Intermarriage was unusual for the times, especially since he was a strict adherent to Orthodox Judaism. Yet before their marriage she became a devout Jewess, one of the earliest converts of American Jewish history; apparently, however, he resigned his position as ḥazzan of the congregation. Alexander entered the service of the new federal government at Charleston's U.S. Custom House, as clerk in 1802 and then as auditor until his retirement in 1813. An active Mason, he is notable in Masonic history as one of 11 founders and the first secretary-general of the Supreme Council, 33rd Degree, Scottish Rite Masonry ("mother council of the world"), which was founded in Charleston in 1801. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H.A. Alexander, Notes on the Alexander Family of South Carolina (1954); C. Reznikoff and U.Z. Engelman, Jews of Charleston (1950), index; R.B. Harris, History of the Supreme Council, 33rd Degree, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, Southern Jurisdiction, U.S.A. 1801–1861 (1964), 45–48. (Thomas J. Tobias)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander Abraham — Daten Geburtsname Aleksandr Abrahamjan Gewichtsklasse Halbmittelgewicht Nationalität Armenisch Geburtstag …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Abraham — (January 17, 1886 ndash; February 1971) was a German track and field athlete who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.In 1912 he participated in the decathlon competition but he retired after four event.External links*… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander, Abraham, Sr. — (1743–1816)    Early settler in the American colonies. As a young man Alexander emigrated from London to Charleston, South Carolina, where he served as a lay minister for the small Jewish congregation, compiling for them a Sephardi prayer book.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Alexander, Abraham — (1743 1816)    British settler in the American colonies. He emigrated to Charleston, South Carolina from London where he was a lay minister for the small Jewish congregation. After the American revolution, he served as a customs clerk and auditor …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Abraham (Vorname) — Abraham ist ein männlicher Vorname, kommt aber auch als Familienname vor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstage 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham Alexander — (c. 1718 – April 23, 1786) was a public figure in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, during the American Revolution. He chaired the meetings that produced the radical Mecklenburg Resolves and, allegedly, the Mecklenburg Declaration of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Metzger (Musiker) — Alexander Metzger (2005) Chartplatzierungen Erklärung der Daten Singles …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham (Name) — Abraham ist ein männlicher Vorname, kommt aber auch als Familienname vor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstage 3 Varianten 4 Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham de Sola — Alexander Abraham de Sola (September 18, 1825 ndash; June 5, 1882) was a Canadian Rabbi, author, Orientalist, and scientist. Originating from a large renown family of Rabbis and scholars, De Sola was recognized there as one of the most powerful… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Hannibal — Abraham Petrowitsch Hannibal, um 1720 Abraham Petrowitsch Hannibal, russisch Абрам (Ибрагим) Петрович Ганнибал (* um 1696 in Logon Chewan in Eritrea oder Logone Birni, Kamerun[1]; † 3. Maijul./ 14. Mai 1781 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.